In 2017, 15,000+ scientists for second time sign environmental 'warning to humanity', from 184 nations around the world, supporting the message it delivers to the world's leaders:

We are jeopardizing our future by not reining in our intense but geographically and demographically uneven material consumption and by not perceiving continued rapid population growth as a primary driver behind many ecological and even societal threats. By failing to adequately limit population growth, reassess the role of an economy rooted in growth, reduce greenhouse gases, incentivize renewable energy, protect habitat, restore ecosystems, curb pollution, halt defaunation, and constrain invasive alien species, humanity is not taking the urgent steps needed to safeguard our imperilled biosphere.

Human civilization faces "existential risk" by 2050

Using a worst-case scenario existential risk analysis, depict humanity falling into ruin under an additional 2 degrees Celsius of warming — a threshold scientists say the world is heading towards if current trends continue. In their scenario, "tipping points" occur when humanity fails to institute carbon emission reforms in the 2020s and 2030s. This creates a "hothouse" effect on Earth, leading to rapidly rising sea levels set off by melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet and "widespread permafrost loss and large-scale Amazon drought and dieback.

Here's a look at how the small temperature may affect the world:

• Heat Waves
• Coral Bleaching
• Sea-level Rise
• Drinking Water Shortages
• Crop Yields

“To reduce such risks and to sustain human civilization, it is essential to build a zero emissions industrial system very quickly. This requires the global mobilization of resources on an emergency basis, akin to a wartime level of response."

The Challenges:

1.- Climate Change: Today’s greenhouse gas levels may be the highest in 3 million years, rising to 412 parts per million in May 2018.

  • Economic and human impact:
    Changes in precipitation, extreme storms, rising sea levels, coastal inundation and heat waves directly affect people’s security, economic well-being and health. For instance, deaths caused by extreme heat in Europe could rise to 150,000 a year by 2100.

2.- Biodiversity and conservation: The Earth is losing its biodiversity at mass extinction rates. One in five species on Earth now faces eradication; this will rise to 50% by the end of the century unless we take urgent action.

  • Economic and human impact:
    Current deforestation rates in the Amazon Basin could lead to an 8% drop in regional rainfall by 2050, triggering a shift to a “savannah state”, with wider consequences for the Earth’s atmospheric circulatory systems. Biodiversity loss has a direct human impact – threatening energy, clean water and food supply.

3.- Healthy oceans: The chemistry of the oceans is changing more rapidly than at any time in perhaps 300 million years, as the water absorbs anthropogenic greenhouse gases. The resulting ocean acidification and warming are leading to unprecedented damage to fish stocks and corals.

  • Economic and human impact:
    Some 8 million tonnes of plastic are predicted to enter the oceans each year.18 Plastics – and the toxins they often carry – accumulate in the food chain and find their way into humans. Estimates suggest around 6,400 microplastics per year are ingested by the average European shellfish consumer.

4.- Water security: The world’s demand for water has grown by around 1% per year. By 2030, we may fall 40% short of the amount of fresh water needed to support the global economy as pollution and climate change affect the global water cycle.

  • Economic and human impact:
    For 1.9 billion people, water scarcity is already a reality – this number is expected to rise to 3 billion by 2050.21 Microplastic fibres were found in 83% of tap water samples around the world22 and more than 90% of bottled water analyzed.

5.- Clean air: Around 91% of the world’s people live in places that fail to meet World Health Organization (WHO) air-quality guidelines.

  • Economic and human impact:
    Around 7 million people die annually from exposure to air pollution – one death out of every eight globally.

6.- Weather and disaster resilience: In 2017, the world suffered 710 geophysical, meteorological, hydrological and climatological “natural-loss events” – almost triple the number it suffered in 1980.

  • Economic and human impact:
    These events caused approximately $330 billion in damages, less than half of which was covered by insurance. In parallel, 23 million people were displaced.

A Success Solution: Rewarding the Cooperation

The multi-processing that allows multiple network packets to be processed in parallel, the TCP/IP protocol, and other architectural features for network processor, gave way p2p distributive applications take the way of the virtual sharing world, inclusive, the computational capacity could be shared, the internet heart.

From there they were born, Napster (Fanning et al., 1999), ed2k (McCaleb-Yagan 2000), Kademlia (Maymounkov-Mazières 2002) peer to peer (p2p) pioneers platform.

As you remember, in these platforms you first had to be shared a file, to have more chance to be the first on the queue and obtain all your hashing parts quickly, but, when we finished to downloaded our precious files, usually we sent the computer going to sleep, the platform wouldn't give us any additional bonus, so, we turned off the computer.

All changed with the Bitcoin mining (Nakamoto 2008), maintain computers on 24/7, in the peer to peer network, meant, that we could the possibility of gaining something additional, the reward, a cryptocurrency, the bitcoin. This was the way blockchain, cryptocurrencies, and internet of value born.

Sustainability Creation for a Better Planet, the Tools

Blockchain-enabled platforms could be employed to unlock access to capital. Its ability to seamlessly manage complex financing environments means it can integrate a wide number of stakeholders, making it feasible for projects and ventures to crowdsource funds from a large number of diverse investors rather than just several large investors. Regardless of the number of investors, the decentralized framework could also significantly increase efficiency and lower transaction costs, both formal and informal.

Blockchain + Sustainable + Finance

The “tokenization” of financial investments opens up this opportunity for a wider group of stakeholders to invest. Investors with larger amounts of capital would share the same automated process as investors with very small amounts of capital; therefore, access and entry requirements are democratized. This will remove the need for third parties and could enable projects that attempt to tackle environmental challenges to access capital quickly, without being delayed by the red tape that is often a part of doing business with big institutions.

The Bio-Tokenization Economy

Biobased products have the potential to replace or improve fossil products; biobased products with completely new properties can create completely new solutions. This is made possible through the interplay of technological innovations, as well as environmental and economic benefits. It is not just the raw material base that counts, but also the willingness to innovate with regard to the use and development of biobased technologies.

Communities and students over the world can issue tokens to share sustainable project, fast and transparently.

Crypto Airdrop as a Rewards Mechanism

An airdrop is a distribution of a cryptocurrency token or coin, usually for free, to numerous wallet addresses. Airdrops are primarily implemented as a way of gaining attention and new followers, resulting in a larger user-base and a wider disbursement of coins.

Potential Tokenizable Candidates:

• Waste recycling
• Biological Assets
• Biomimetic Assets
• Low carbon reward
• Low water consume reward
• Clean air rewards
• Corporate tax rewards
• ESG/SDG cross pairs
• Plastic rebuying initiative
• Zero plastic token
• Carbon Credit
• Green Bonds
• Sustainable agricultural reward
• Vegan token
• No paper use rewards
• Alternative foods (Not meat based)

The overall “token economy” created by the proliferation of crypto-networks is still in its infancy. Quality projects represent only a small proportion of all the Blockchain projects that have been created to date, but the possibility to finance projects and practices that have a positive environmental benefit is just beginning to be demonstrated.

The Boosters

For angel investors, venture capitalists, accelerators and impact investors, there are still relatively few blockchain applications or platforms actually in production that aim to address sustainability challenges.

Yet the need and the potential are substantial. This means there is a relatively untapped investment space that could be explored. In addition, existing portfolio companies could be encouraged to evaluate whether blockchain could create both business value and positive social and environmental performance.

Second Challenges Layer

1. Technology Adoption

To achieve the general adoption of these technologies, clearly, the benefits of adoption will have to outweigh the costs, in order to be transformative in tackling global environmental issues, blockchain applications will need to be able to scale up effectively, gaining widespread industry and user adoption.

The degree of ease with which products such as software and Web applications can be used to achieve required goals effectively and efficiently is currently a crucial barrier to entry – many existing interfaces for blockchain ledgers are too complex for mainstream adoption today.

2. Build the right stakeholders ecosystem

Blockchain requires the creation of new industry ecosystems, grouping in an ecosystem all the members of an industry can resolve the connectivity problem, since everyone would be can have the solution to their needs in the same place coordinated and organized.

3. Collaborate for interdisciplinary solutions

Blockchain’s decentralized architecture means there will be a need to ensure that the views of stakeholders are accounted for in the design and deployment of platforms. There will also be a need for significantly more interaction among developers, users, policymakers, regulators, lawyers and domain specialists to optimize the design and deployment of blockchain, in addition to developing the surrounding legal and regulatory architecture.

Taking the Leadership

Over half of the global population of 1.8 billion young people live in the Asia-Pacific region, whose future is at stake. Asia can lead global transformation.

Risk Disclosure

Cryptocurrency trading is not suitable for all investors and involves the risk of loss. The risk of loss in cryptos can be substantial. You should, therefore, carefully consider whether such trading is suitable for your financial condition. No statement within this webpage should be construed as a recommendation to buy or sell cryptocurrencies or as investment advice.

Parts are taken from: 

Small margins: How half a degree in global warming may affect the world?

Human civilization faces "existential risk" by 2050 according to new Australian climate change report

Building Block(chain)s for a Better Planet (.pdf)

The Uninhabitable Earth

The Economics of Tokenization Part I: Not Everything Can (or Should) be Tokenized

Germán Malavé
Written By
Germán Malavé
Alternative Finance | Sustainable & Impact Investment | Fintech World | UN SDGs | Sucre.IO Co-Founder & CEO